HİSTORY OF TEA
The Chinese have been drinking tea for 5,000 years. It is unclear at the beginning of the legend, the most famous of which is the one associated with the Emperor Shen Nung. Tea chance to meet yet not found until the year 2737 before Christ tea.
Thousands of years of Chinese tea for health and recreational purposes receive. Nobody Camellia sinensis' s bright, flat, green leaves does not know what drew them, but the complete lack of information is a popular myth.
One day while drinking boiled water Emperor Shen Nung, a few leaves fell from the tree into the cup. Curious Emperor decided to taste it and it's brewing to realize that there is both delicious and refreshing.
An Indian legend of the discovery of tea to Bodhidharma, a Buddhist monk who is tired. When given to the idea of insomnia last seven years the priest was extremely tired. In desperation he chewed a few leaves from a nearby tree and suddenly came alive.
India, 19th century up to any records relevant to a tea although it is not the moment India is one of the world's largest tea producer. Bodhidharma tea leaf-chewing experience so far was not a public event. *
Thoughtful Buddhist monk, Bodhidharma is a legend about the other, to say awake far into the ground describes how he threw his drooping eyelids. The tea plant has fallen eyelids lifted from the ground. When the new plant has the miraculously cured his fatigue.
Coffee is not native to Japan, so this myth, at least on an island makes one explanation for existence. Truth was slightly more discolored; In the early 9th century Japanese monk called prescient Dengyo Daishi along with tea seeds brought back from China.
Chance in open cup of tea production method belongs to the Emperor Shen Nung. If the brewing method we use today was developed 4,000 years ago.
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) in time, the Chinese began to immerse in boiling water for tea leaves. With a few adaptations, traditional Chinese lidded wine pitcher, has become a perfect teapot.
'Tea' and worldwide spelling and pronunciation of all comes from a single source. 'Ta' means tea in China according to the Amoy dialect. Tea with Mandarin word meaning 'cha' with a few derivatives are used worldwide.
Tea reached Europe in the early seventeenth century. Despite exaggerated claims about the medicinal tea, Europeans have preferred the flavor of coffee. Only a few of the noble factions tea has become popular.
In the early 17th century Dutch and Portuguese traders were the first in Europe to introduce Chinese tea. Portuguese ship from Macao with China's coastal areas, the Dutch brought tea to Europe by way of Indonesia.
Amongst the cargoes of silks and spices from the strange brew that is not an instant success. Europeans have a taste, but they prefer the taste of coffee. Before you begin to trade in tea, suspicious Britain waited until 1652.
Russians are fond of tea since ancient times. Russians are brought tea from China to road with camels.
Passion for tea began to grow in Russia and Asia to take up with herds of camels. At the end of the 18th century, thousands of 200-300 camel trains began crossing the Chinese border.
Trans-Siberian railway camel provides a well-earned retirement, but romantic ride camels living in China and delicate blend of black tea is so popular, and they are known as Russian Caravan.
In 17th century Europe, has sold more products from the protection of the kingdom.
English King Charles II and drinking tea with a Portuguese princess Catherine of Braganza eager to marry in 1662 and have been lucky break the habit of drinking tea. Catherine tea in the palace delicate, translucent bowls and jars in China began to get started and abide by the courtiers.
Tea was already expensive, but now also has the appropriate fashion. Suddenly tea has a style and exclusivity. Conscious in the eyes of the nobility, tea was something irresistible.
Tea in 17th century Europe was a practical product with great potential. Many were not suitable for drinking water. Therefore, the options for those who want to avoid disease did not inspire: an exciting cup boiling water to kill bacteria or beer was strong enough.
Britain and many other countries, ale, although a common breakfast drink tea as an alternative to him has come. Finally, the thirst quencher, refreshed and invigorated tea flavor was full and they had a drink in addition to extremely safe to drink.
In the 18th century, rich in home drinking tea was an occasion of great ceremony.
Precious tea leaves, often with only one key was stored in a locked caddy. Lady of the house once or twice a week in the services offered to the family or to impress an important guest would open the box.
Ceremonies as well as adding to the sense that the beautiful porcelain tea was served family's wealth was stressed. A polite lady's pale skin and delicate bone structure to exhibit translucent pure Chinese porcelain was an opportunity. At that time, the two were tired of measuring the purity of a woman.
Social life in the first half of the 18th century, coffee houses due to the very complex, gave way to the tea garden. Tea gardens began to receive a vision of paradise: tree-lined boulevards, lantern walks, music, dancing, fireworks and a nice meal was accompanied by a cup of tea.
tea gardens was not only fun, it was a social melting pot. In these exotic landscapes, the royal family and the people could navigate together.
Tea consumption began to rise at the beginning of the 19th century. Fashion and low price, they are forced to satisfy their customers who supply created a market. In order to break the monopoly of the Chinese tea trade, headed to India to fill the gap.
With increasing consumption of tea in the early 19th century, the East India Company began to look for new sources. Since the Chinese had a monopoly on tea cultivation, the only solution was to produce tea elsewhere.
The first experiments with Chinese tea seeds were conducted in Assam in Northeast India. These attempts failed, however, later in the same seeds in Darjeeling in northern India has grown up in a good way.
Later in 1820, botanists in Assam have noticed some unspecified native trees. Leaf samples were sent to London for analysis. The samples were immediately introduced as a tea - tea, a plant previously unknown in India - the Indian tea industry was born.
Until 1826, the stray tea is always sold out. This is immoral for sellers to sell tea with additives was an invitation. In 1826 John Horniman pre-sealed, lead-lined tea packages developed by the grocery store, but did not see immediate confirmation. They chose to increase their profits quickly. Horniman then tried another way. Put on packages of medical posts and tea sold to pharmacists. If pharmacists and customers were quite far from his approach.
The accident was said to have reached a tea bag. New York tea importer named Thomas Sullivan tea samples sent to customers in small silk bags. They clearly love the convenience of customers soon after because they wanted all their tea in bags.
After 5,000 years, tea consumption and production has continued to increase. Worldwide, roughly three million tons of tea are harvested each year.
Two factors are currently the international markets. In developing countries, taking tea with the previous three centuries of Europeans are adopted for the same reason: safe drinking water because it is the way to get pleasure from. In developed countries, the thirst for variety and new flavors to increase the consumption of tea is special.